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Constitutional Rights
No. 84-1602
106 S. Ct. 2505 (1986) | Cited 141570 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. In New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254, 279-280 (1964), we held that, in a libel suit brought by a public official, the First Amendment requires the plaintiff to show that in publishing the defamatory statement the defendant acted with ...
No. 82-1554
104 S. Ct. 2052 (1984) | Cited 91151 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court. This case requires us to consider the proper standards for judging a criminal defendant's contention that the Constitution requires a conviction or death sentence to be set aside because counsel's assistance at the trial or sentencing was ...
No. 84-5630
106 S. Ct. 466 (1985) | Cited 63356 times
... JUSTICE MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court. In 1976, Congress amended § 101 of the Federal Magistrates Act, 28 U. S. C. § 636, to provide that a United States district judge may refer dispositive pretrial motions, and petitions for writ of habeas corpus, to a magistrate, who shall conduct ...
No. 78-5283
99 S. Ct. 2781 (1979) | Cited 46616 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. The Constitution prohibits the criminal conviction of any person except upon proof of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. In re Winship, 397 U.S. 358. The question in this case is what standard is to be applied in a federal habeas corpus ...
No. 75-1914
98 S. Ct. 2018 (1978) | Cited 42801 times
... MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioners, a class of female employees of the Department of Social Services and of the Board of Education of the city of New York, commenced this action under 42 U. S. C. § 1983 in July 1971. 1 The gravamen of the complaint was that the ...
No. 70-5025
92 S. Ct. 594 (1972) | Cited 38794 times
... Petitioner, an inmate at the Illinois State Penitentiary, Menard, Illinois, commenced this action against the Governor of Illinois and other state officers and prison officials under the Civil Rights Act of 1871, 17 Stat. 13, 42 U. S. C. § 1983, and 28 U. S. C. § 1343 (3), seeking to recover ...
No. 06-7317
127 S.Ct. 2197 (2007) | Cited 38467 times
... 551 U. S. ____ (2007) Imprisoned by the State of Colorado and alleging violations of his Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment protections against cruel and unusual punishment, William Erickson, the petitioner in this Court, filed suit against prison officials in the United States District Court for the ...
No. 87-1882
109 S. Ct. 1827 (1989) | Cited 36787 times
... JUSTICE MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court. The question presented is whether a complaint filed in forma pauperis which fails to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) is automatically frivolous within the meaning of 28 U. S. C. § 1915(d). The answer, we hold, is no. ...
No. 75-929
97 S. Ct. 285 (1976) | Cited 36493 times
... MR. JUSTICE MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court. Respondent J. W. Gamble, an inmate of the Texas Department of Corrections, was injured on November 9, 1973, while performing a prison work assignment. On February 11, 1974, he instituted this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, 1 ...
No. 98
87 S. Ct. 1396 (1967) | Cited 35571 times
... MR. JUSTICE CLARK delivered the opinion of the Court. We are here concerned with the extent of the duty of a court-appointed appellate counsel to prosecute a first appeal from a criminal conviction, after that attorney has conscientiously determined that there is no merit to the indigent's appeal. ...
No. 72-490
93 S. Ct. 1817 (1973) | Cited 33636 times
... MR. JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. The case before us raises significant questions as to the proper order and nature of proof in actions under Title      VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 78 Stat. 253, 42 U. S. C. § 2000c et seq. Petitioner, McDonnell Douglas Corp., is an ...
No. 01-7662
123 S.Ct. 1029 (2003) | Cited 33083 times
... 537 U. S. ____ (2003) On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Fifth Circuit In this case we once again examine when a state prisoner can appeal the denial or dismissal of his petition for writ of habeas corpus. In 1986 two Dallas County assistant district attorneys ...
No. 07-1015
129 S.Ct. 1937 (2009) | Cited 27751 times
... Opinion of the Court 556 U. S. ____ (2009) Respondent Javaid Iqbal is a citizen of Pakistan and a Muslim. In the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks he was arrested in the United States on criminal charges and detained by federal officials. Respondent claims he was deprived of ...
No. 89-15940
951 F.2d 1153 (1991) | Cited 26220 times
... REINHARDT, Circuit Judge: In 1983, Gilbert Martinez was tried in state court and convicted of numerous pizza parlor robberies. During the pretrial proceedings, the prosecution indicated that, should the defendant testify, it would seek to introduce as impeachment evidence the defendant's two prior ...
No. 98-8384
120 S.Ct. 1495 (2000) | Cited 25278 times
... Opinion of the Court WILLIAMS v. TAYLOR On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Fourth Circuit Justice Stevens announced the judgment of the Court and delivered the opinion of the Court with respect to Parts I, III, and IV, and an opinion with respect to Parts II and ...
Nos. 04-104 and 04-105
125 S.Ct. 738 (2005) | Cited 23337 times
... 543 U. S. ____ (2005) The question presented in each of these cases is whether an application of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines violated the Sixth Amendment. In each case, the courts below held that binding rules set forth in the Guidelines limited the severity of the sentence that the judge ...
No. 490
83 S. Ct. 1194 (1963) | Cited 22644 times
... Opinion of the Court by MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS, announced by MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN. Petitioner and a companion, Boblit, were found guilty of murder in the first degree and were sentenced to death, their convictions being affirmed by the Court of Appeals of Maryland. 220 Md. 454, 154 A. 2d 434. Their ...
No. 87-5096
108 S. Ct. 2250 (1988) | Cited 19677 times
... JUSTICE BLACKMUN delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the question whether a physician who is under contract with the State to provide medical services to inmates at a state-prison hospital on a part-time basis acts "under color of state law," within the meaning of 42 U. S. C. § ...
No. 1284 S 476No. 2-784-A-209
482 N.E.2d 701{Date}September 16 (1985) | Cited 16813 times
... SULLIVAN, J. Following a bench trial by the Howard County Court, Ronald J. Crose (Crose) was convicted of driving while intoxicated, as a class D felony, and sentenced to a one year suspended sentence. The judgment also placed him on two years of supervised probation. The issues on appeal are: ...
No. 89-7662
111 S. Ct. 2546 (1991) | Cited 16796 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court. This is a case about federalism. It concerns the respect that federal courts owe the States and the States' procedural rules when reviewing the claims of state prisoners in federal habeas corpus. I A Buchanan County, Virginia, jury convicted ...
No. 04-2093
416 F.3d 310 (2005) | Cited 16457 times
... PUBLISHED Argued: May 24, 2005 Before WIDENER and MOTZ, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed by published opinion. Judge Motz wrote the opinion, in which Judge Widener and Senior Judge Hamilton joined. OPINION Rovilma Diamond sued her former employer, Colonial Life & ...
No. 78-3653
638 F.2d 947 (1981) | Cited 16122 times
... The United States appeals from a judgment dismissing its petition for forfeiture of 262 weapons. The district court held that it lacked jurisdiction because the United States Attorney General or his delegate failed to authorize the forfeiture action. The issues on appeal are: (1) whether the United ...
No. 84-6001
766 F.2d 841 (1985) | Cited 15920 times
... MODIFIED OPINION ERVIN, Circuit Judge: Appellant Garcia Jay Wright is an inmate at Maryland Penitentiary. He brought this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the warden, a correctional officer, and the chief medical officer of Maryland Penitentiary. Wright alleges that a variety of actions by ...
No. 87-1207
109 S. Ct. 2304 (1989) | Cited 15596 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the question whether a State, or an official of the State while acting in his or her official capacity, is a "person" within the meaning of Rev. Stat. § 1979, 42 U. S. C. § 1983. Petitioner Ray Will filed suit in Michigan ...
No. 79
90 S. Ct. 1598 (1970) | Cited 15508 times
... MR. JUSTICE HARLAN delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioner, Sandra Adickes, a white school teacher from New York, brought this suit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against respondent S. H. Kress & Co. ("Kress") to recover damages under 42 U. S. C. § ...
No. 83-5089
727 F.2d 91 (1984) | Cited 15294 times
... SPROUSE, Circuit Judge: Edward Lester Schronce appeals from his conviction for unlawful possession of an unregistered firearm and unlawful possession of an illegally manufactured firearm in violation of 26 U.S.C. § 5861(c) and (d) (1976). The firearm was an automatic rifle that had been converted ...
No. 95
87 S. Ct. 824 (1967) | Cited 14956 times
... MR. JUSTICE BLACK delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioners, Ruth Elizabeth Chapman and Thomas LeRoy Teale, were convicted in a California state court      upon a charge that they robbed, kidnaped, and murdered a bartender. She was sentenced to life imprisonment and he to death. At the time ...
No. 97-16987
203 F.3d 1122 (2000) | Cited 14689 times
... FOR PUBLICATION OPINION Argued and Submitted October 21, 1999--San Francisco, California Concurrence by Judge Rymer; Dissent by Judge Sneed OPINION The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PLRA") provides that a district court "shall dismiss" an in forma pauperis complaint "if the court ...
No. 73-679
94 S. Ct. 2963 (1974) | Cited 13362 times
... MR. JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted the petition for writ of certiorari in this case, 414 U.S. 1156 (1974), because it raises important questions concerning the administration of a state prison. Respondent, on behalf of himself and other inmates of the Nebraska Penal ...
No. 81-1244
103 S. Ct. 1933 (1983) | Cited 12804 times
... JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. Title 42 U. S. C. § 1988 provides that in federal civil rights actions "the court, in its discretion, may allow the prevailing party, other than the United States, a reasonable attorney's fee as part of the costs." The issue in this case is ...
No. 90-6326
935 F.2d 1106 (1991) | Cited 12570 times
... LOGAN, Circuit Judge Pro se plaintiff Kenneth E. Hall, Jr. appeals the district court's dismissal of his claim that the policies and procedures of the Lexington Assessment and Reception Center (LARC), as well as the actions of LARC employees, violated his First Amendment right to free exercise of ...
No. 84-849
105 S. Ct. 3099 (1985) | Cited 12468 times
... JUSTICE MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court. The question presented is whether 42 U. S. C. § 1988 allows attorney's fees to be recovered from a governmental entity when a plaintiff sues governmental employees only in their personal capacities and prevails. I On November 7, 1979, a ...
No. 84-1103
106 S. Ct. 366 (1985) | Cited 12314 times
... JUSTICE REHNQUIST delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioner William Lloyd Hill pleaded guilty in the Arkansas trial court to charges of first-degree murder and theft of property. More than two years later he sought federal habeas relief on the ground that his court-appointed attorney had ...
No. 93-6188
512 U.S. 477 (1994) | Cited 12198 times
... JUSTICE SCALIA delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the question whether a state prisoner may challenge the constitutionality of his conviction in a suit for damages under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. I Petitioner Roy Heck was convicted in Indiana state court of voluntary manslaughter for ...
No. 71-1369
93 S. Ct. 1827 (1973) | Cited 11971 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. The respondents in this case were state prisoners who were deprived of good-conduct-time credits by the New York State Department of Correctional Services as a result of disciplinary proceedings. They then brought actions in a federal ...
No. 81-430
103 S. Ct. 2317 (1983) | Cited 11923 times
... JUSTICE REHNQUIST delivered the opinion of the Court. Respondents Lance and Susan Gates were indicated for violation of state drug laws after police officers, executing a search warrant, discovered marihuana and other contraband in their automobile and home. Prior to trial the Gateses moved to ...
No. 84-1554
106 S. Ct. 2639 (1986) | Cited 11551 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted certiorari in this case to consider whether a federal habeas petitioner can show cause for a procedural default by establishing that competent defense counsel inadvertently      failed to raise the substantive claim of error rather ...
No. 05-1631
127 S.Ct. 1769 (2007) | Cited 11434 times
... 550 U. S. ____ (2007) We consider whether a law enforcement official can, consistent with the Fourth Amendment, attempt to stop a fleeing motorist from continuing his public-endangering flight by ramming the motorist's car from behind. Put another way: Can an officer take actions that place a ...
No. 99-1977
533 U.S. 194 (2001) | Cited 11432 times
... 533 U. S. ____ (2001) On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Ninth Circuit In this case a citizen alleged excessive force was used to arrest him. The arresting officer asserted the defense of qualified immunity. The matter we address is whether the requisite analysis ...
No. 97-2048
526 U.S. 838 (1999) | Cited 11404 times
... Opinion of the Court O'SULLIVAN v. BOERCKEL ____ U. S. ____ (1999) On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Seventh Circuit Federal habeas relief is available to state prisoners only after they have exhausted their claims in state court. 28 U. S. C. §§2254(b)(1), (c) ...
No. 77-1829
99 S. Ct. 1861 (1979) | Cited 11223 times
... MR. JUSTICE REHNQUIST delivered the opinion of the Court. Over the past five Terms, this Court has in several decisions considered constitutional challenges to prison conditions or practices by convicted prisoners. 1 This case requires us to examine the constitutional rights of pretrial detainees ...
No. 2
91 S. Ct. 746 (1971) | Cited 11030 times
... MR. JUSTICE BLACK delivered the opinion of the Court. Appellee, John Harris, Jr., was indicted in a California state court, charged with violation of the California Penal Code §§ 11400 and 11401, known as the California Criminal Syndicalism Act, set out below. 1 He then filed      a complaint in ...
No. 00-1853
122 S.Ct. 992 (2002) | Cited 10778 times
... 534 U. S. ____ (2002) On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Second Circuit This case presents the question whether a complaint in an employment discrimination lawsuit must contain specific facts establishing a prima facie case of discrimination under the framework ...
No. 02-1632
124 S.Ct. 2531 (2004) | Cited 10678 times
... 542 U. S. ____ (2004) Petitioner Ralph Howard Blakely, Jr., pleaded guilty to the kidnaping of his estranged wife. The facts admitted in his plea, standing alone, supported a maximum sentence of 53 months. Pursuant to state law, the court imposed an "exceptional" sentence of 90 months after making ...
No. 83-2097
105 S. Ct. 2174 (1985) | Cited 10544 times
... JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. The State of Florida's long-arm statute extends jurisdiction to "[any] person, whether or not a citizen or resident of this state," who, inter alia, "[breaches] a contract in this state by failing to perform acts required by the contract to be ...
No. 85-1520
107 S. Ct. 3034 (1987) | Cited 10446 times
... JUSTICE SCALIA delivered the opinion of the Court. The question presented is whether a federal law enforcement officer who participates in a search that violates the Fourth Amendment may be held personally liable for money      damages if a reasonable officer could have believed that the search ...
No. 71-162
92 S. Ct. 2701 (1972) | Cited 10443 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. In 1968 the respondent, David Roth, was hired for his first teaching job as assistant professor of political science at Wisconsin State University-Oshkosh. He was hired for a fixed term of one academic year. The notice of his faculty ...
No. 86-1088
109 S. Ct. 1197 (1989) | Cited 10377 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. In this case, we are asked to determine if a municipality can ever be liable under 42 U. S. C. § 1983 1 for constitutional violations resulting from its failure to train municipal employees. We hold that, under certain circumstances, such ...
Nos. 01-10415, 01-10416
328 F.3d 1114 (2003) | Cited 9892 times
... FOR PUBLICATION Argued and Submitted March 27, 2003--San Francisco, California OPINION "Congress intended magistrates to play an integral and important role in the federal judicial system." Peretz v. United States, 501 U.S. 923, 928 (1991). We write to clarify the important role that magistrate ...
No. 89-7376
111 S. Ct. 2321 (1991) | Cited 9775 times
... JUSTICE SCALIA delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the questions whether a prisoner claiming that conditions of confinement constitute cruel and unusual punishment must show a culpable state of mind on the part of prison officials and, if so, what state of mind is required. ...
No. 74-204
96 S. Ct. 893 (1976) | Cited 9651 times
... MR. JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. The issue in this case is whether the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment requires that prior to the termination of Social Security disability benefit payments the recipient be afforded an opportunity for an evidentiary hearing. I Cash ...
No. 96-8516
523 U.S. 614 (1998) | Cited 9288 times
... Opinion of the Court BOUSLEY v. UNITED STATES ____ U. S. ____ (1998) NOTICE: This opinion is subject to formal revision before publication in the preliminary print of the United States Reports. Readers are requested to notify the Reporter of Decisions, Supreme Court of the United States, ...
No. 80-1595
102 S. Ct. 1584 (1982) | Cited 9253 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court. Rule 52(b) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure permits a criminal conviction to be overturned on direct appeal for "plain error" in the jury instructions, even if the defendant      failed to object to the erroneous instructions before ...
No. 81-2101
104 S. Ct. 900 (1984) | Cited 9029 times
... JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the question whether a federal court may award injunctive relief against state officials on the basis of state law.      I This litigation, here for the second time, concerns the conditions of care at petitioner Pennhurst ...
No. 00-853
122 S.Ct. 983 (2002) | Cited 8899 times
... On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Second Circuit This case concerns the obligation of prisoners who claim denial of their federal rights while incarcerated to exhaust prison grievance procedures before seeking judicial relief. Plaintiff-respondent Ronald Nussle, ...
No. 74-942
96 S. Ct. 598 (1976) | Cited 8850 times
... MR. JUSTICE REHNQUIST delivered the opinion of the Court. The District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, after parallel trials of separate actions 1 filed      in 1970, entered an order in 1973 requiring petitioners "to submit to [the District] Court for its approval a ...
No. 82-940
104 S. Ct. 2229 (1984) | Cited 8631 times
... CHIEF JUSTICE BURGER delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted certiorari to determine whether the District Court properly dismissed a Title VII complaint alleging that a law partnership discriminated against petitioner, a woman lawyer employed as an associate, when it failed to invite her to ...
No. 82-1630
104 S. Ct. 3194 (1984) | Cited 8522 times
... CHIEF JUSTICE BURGER delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted certiorari in No. 82-1630 to decide whether a prison inmate has a reasonable expectation of privacy in his prison cell entitling him to the protection of the Fourth Amendment against unreasonable searches and seizures. We also ...
No. 642
89 S. Ct. 1709 (1969) | Cited 8502 times
... MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS delivered the opinion of the Court. In the spring of 1966, within the period of a fortnight, a series of armed robberies occurred in Mobile, Alabama. The victims, in each case, were local shopkeepers open at night who were forced by a gunman to hand over money. While robbing ...
No. 90-16834
963 F.2d 1258 (1992) | Cited 8488 times
... Order AND AMENDED OPINION CHOY, Circuit Judge: Appellant Michael Henry Ferdik appeals pro se the judgment of the District Court for the District of Arizona of November 5, 1990 dismissing his claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 after he violated a court order by failing to file a second amended complaint ...
No. 87-1490
109 S. Ct. 1814 (1989) | Cited 8457 times
... JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. We are called upon to decide whether 28 U. S. C. § 1915(d) authorizes a federal court to require an unwilling attorney to represent an indigent litigant in a civil case. We hold that it does not. I Section 1915(d) provides: "The court may ...
No. 92-833
510 U.S. 266 (1994) | Cited 8302 times
... CHIEF JUSTICE REHNQUIST announced the judgment of the Court and delivered an opinion, in which JUSTICE O'CONNOR, JUSTICE SCALIA, and JUSTICE GINSBURG joined. A warrant was issued for petitioner's arrest by Illinois authorities, and upon learning of it he surrendered and was released on bail. The ...
No. 84-6263
106 S. Ct. 1712 (1986) | Cited 8283 times
... JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. This case requires us to re-examine that portion of Swain v. Alabama, 380 U.S. 202 (1965), concerning the evidentiary burden placed on a criminal defendant who claims that he has been denied equal protection through the State's use of peremptory ...
No. 80-846
102 S. Ct. 1198 (1982) | Cited 8256 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court, except as to Part III-C. In this case we consider whether the exhaustion rule in 28 U. S. C. §§ 2254(b), (c) requires a federal district court to dismiss a petition for a writ of habeas corpus containing any claims that have not been exhausted ...
No. 71-732
93 S. Ct. 2041 (1973) | Cited 8205 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. It is well settled under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments that a search conducted without a warrant issued upon probable cause is " per se unreasonable . . . subject only to a few specifically established and well-delineated exceptions." ...
No. 82-6070
718 F.2d 198 (1983) | Cited 8154 times
... WIDENER, Circuit Judge: This case presents the question of what action a district court must take upon a magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations on a dispositive motion under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) when there is no objection made to the magistrate's proposal. The plaintiff in this § ...
No. 36
83 S. Ct. 407 (1963) | Cited 8117 times
... MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. The petitioners were tried without a jury in the District Court for the Northern District of California under a two-count indictment for violation of the Federal Narcotics      Laws, 21 U. S. C. § 174. 1 They were acquitted under the first ...
No. 82-6080
103 S. Ct. 3383 (1983) | Cited 8066 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. We have two questions before us in this case: whether the District Court erred on the merits in rejecting the petition for habeas corpus filed by petitioner, and whether the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit correctly denied a stay of ...
No. 03-9627
125 S.Ct. 1807 (2005) | Cited 7911 times
... 544 U. S. ____ (2005) The federal Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA) establishes a 1-year statute of limitations for filing a federal habeas corpus petition. 28 U. S. C. §2244(d)(1). That limitations period is tolled, however, while "a properly filed application for ...
No. 35
88 S. Ct. 507 (1967) | Cited 7856 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. The petitioner was convicted in the District Court for the Southern District of California under an eight-count indictment charging him with transmitting wagering information by telephone from Los Angeles to Miami and Boston, in violation of ...
No. 87-1969
901 F.2d 696 (1988) | Cited 7814 times
... FLETCHER, Circuit Judge Jena Balistreri appeals, pro se, the district court's dismissal of her 42 U.S.C. § 1983 complaint for failure to state a claim. The district court's decision is published at 656 F. Supp. 423 . We affirm in part, reverse in part, and remand. FACTS Balistreri's complaint, ...
No. 79-4553
673 F.2d 266 (1982) | Cited 7807 times
... In 1976 appellant, Richard C. Ivey, was discharged from employment by the University of Alaska and by Inupiat University. He subsequently filed suit under the Civil Rights Act for back pay and reinstatement claiming that he was terminated because of his efforts to desegregate the schools and ...
No. 01-1127
538 U.S. 63 (2003) | Cited 7725 times
... This case raises the issue whether the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit erred in ruling that the California Court of Appeal's decision affirming Leandro Andrade's two consecutive terms of 25 years to life in prison for a "third strike" conviction is contrary to, or an ...
No. 778
90 S. Ct. 1068 (1970) | Cited 7508 times
... MR. JUSTICE BRENNAN delivered the opinion of the Court. Constitutional questions decided by this Court concerning the juvenile process have centered on the adjudicatory stage at "which a determination is made as to      whether a juvenile is a 'delinquent' as a result of alleged misconduct on his ...
No. 96-6839.
523 U.S. 224 (1998) | Cited 7441 times
... Title 8 U. S. C. Section 1326(a) makes it a crime for a deported alien to return to the United States without special permission and authorizes a maximum prison term of two years. In 1988, Congress added subsection (b)(2), which authorizes a maximum prison term of 20 years for "any alien described" ...
No. 30
62 S. Ct. 457 (1942) | Cited 7426 times
... MR. JUSTICE MURPHY delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioners, together with Anthony Horton and Louis Kaplan, were found guilty upon an indictment charging them with a conspiracy to defraud the United States, under § 37 of the Criminal Code (R. S. § 5440; 18 U. S. C. § 88). 1 Judgment was ...
No. 79-1734
101 S. Ct. 1908 (1981) | Cited 7422 times
... JUSTICE REHNQUIST delivered the opinion of the Court. The respondent is an inmate at the Nebraska Penal and Correctional Complex who ordered by mail certain hobby materials valued at $23.50. The hobby materials were lost and respondent brought suit under 42 U. S. C. § 1983 to recover their value. ...
No. 13
68 S. Ct. 525 (1948) | Cited 7422 times
... MR. JUSTICE REED delivered the opinion of the Court. The United States instituted this suit on August 15, 1940, in the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia against United States Gypsum Company,      five other corporate defendants, and seven individual defendants, as a ...
No. 83-1623
105 S. Ct. 1504 (1985) | Cited 7279 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. In Pullman-Standard v. Swint, 456 U.S. 273 (1982), we held that a District Court's finding of discriminatory intent in an action brought under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 78 Stat. 253, as amended, 42 U. S. C. § 2000e et seq., is a ...
No. 77-5176
98 S. Ct. 2674 (1978) | Cited 7189 times
... MR. JUSTICE BLACKMUN delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents an important and longstanding issue of Fourth Amendment law. Does a defendant in a criminal proceeding ever have the right, under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments, subsequent to the ex parte issuance of a search ...
No. 74-5435.
96 S. Ct. 984 (1976) | Cited 7131 times
... MR. JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. The question presented in this case is whether a state prosecuting attorney who acted within the scope of his duties in initiating and pursuing a criminal prosecution is amenable to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for alleged deprivations of the ...
No. 73-5772
95 S. Ct. 2525 (1975) | Cited 7116 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. The Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments of our Constitution guarantee that a person brought to trial in any state or federal court must be afforded the right to the assistance of counsel before he can be validly convicted and punished by ...
No. 78-1078
100 S. Ct. 559 (1980) | Cited 7043 times
... MR. JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. The issue before us is whether, consistently with the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, an Oklahoma court may exercise in personam jurisdiction over a nonresident automobile retailer and its wholesale distributor in a ...
No. 71-5255
92 S. Ct. 2182 (1972) | Cited 7033 times
... MR. JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court. Although a speedy trial is guaranteed the accused by the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution, 1 this Court has dealt with that right on infrequent occasions. See Beavers v. Haubert, 198 U.S. 77 (1905); Pollard v. United States, 352 U.S. 354 ...
No. 03-9046
125 S.Ct. 1528 (2005) | Cited 6891 times
... 544 U. S. ____ (2005) We confront here the problem of a "mixed" petition for habeas corpus relief in which a state prisoner presents a federal court with a single petition containing some claims that have been exhausted in the state courts and some that have not. More precisely, we consider ...
No. 71-5103
92 S. Ct. 2593 (1972) | Cited 6890 times
... MR. CHIEF JUSTICE BURGER delivered the opinion of the Court. We granted certiorari in this case to determine whether the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that a State afford an individual some opportunity to be heard prior to revoking his parole. Petitioner Morrissey was ...
No. 99-1964
532 U.S. 731 (2001) | Cited 6839 times
... 532 U. S. ____ (2001) On Writ Of Certiorari To The United States Court Of Appeals For The Third Circuit The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 amended 42 U. S. C. §1997e(a), which now requires a prisoner to exhaust "such administrative remedies as are available" before suing over prison ...
No. 82-1771
104 S. Ct. 3405 (1984) | Cited 6684 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. This case presents the question whether the Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule should be modified so as not to bar the use in the prosecution's case in chief of evidence obtained by officers acting in reasonable reliance on a search warrant issued ...
No. 02-9410
124 S.Ct. 1354 (2004) | Cited 6587 times
... 541 U. S. ____ (2004) Petitioner Michael Crawford stabbed a man who allegedly tried to rape his wife, Sylvia. At his trial, the State played for the jury Sylvia's tape-recorded statement to the police describing the stabbing, even though he had no opportunity for cross-examination. The Washington ...
No. 75-1578
433 U.S. 72 (1977) | Cited 6573 times
... Argued March 29, 1977 REHNQUIST, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which BURGER, C. J., and STEWART, BLACKMUN, POWELL, and STEVENS, JJ., joined. BURGER, C. J., post, p. 91, and STEVENS, J., post, p. 94, filed concurring opinions. WHITE, J., filed an opinion concurring in the judgment, ...
No. 85-1384
107 S. Ct. 2254 (1987) | Cited 6568 times
... JUSTICE O'CONNOR delivered the opinion of the Court. This case requires us to determine the constitutionality of regulations promulgated by the Missouri Division of Corrections relating to inmate marriages and inmate-to-inmate correspondence. The Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, applying a ...
No. 14
91 S. Ct. 160 (1970) | Cited 6539 times
... MR. JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. On December 2, 1963, Alford was indicted for first-degree murder, a capital offense under North Carolina      law. 1 The court appointed an attorney to represent him, and this attorney questioned all but one of the various witnesses who ...
No. 00-12, No. 00-11
252 F.3d 676 (2001) | Cited 6522 times
... PUBLISHED Argued: April 5, 2001 Affirmed in part and reversed in part by published opinion. Judge Williams wrote the opinion, in which Judge Michael and Judge Traxler joined. OPINION A North Carolina jury convicted John Hardy Rose of capital murder for the murder of Patricia Stewart. Following ...
No. 84-335
105 S. Ct. 2806 (1985) | Cited 6468 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. This is a suit for damages stemming from a warrantless wiretap authorized by petitioner, a former Attorney General of the United States. The case presents three issues: whether the Attorney General is absolutely immune from suit for actions ...
No. 75-1082
528 F.2d 309 (1975) | Cited 6347 times
... Robert Louis Roseboro, an inmate of the Central Prison in Raleigh, North Carolina, instituted this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 seeking declaratory and injunctive relief as well as damages for alleged violations of his constitutional rights. The district court granted the defendant's motion for ...
No. 70-29
92 S. Ct. 763 (1972) | Cited 6300 times
... MR. CHIEF JUSTICE BURGER delivered the opinion of the Court. Petitioner was convicted of passing forged money orders and sentenced to five years' imprisonment. While appeal was pending in the Court of Appeals, defense counsel discovered new evidence indicating that the Government      had failed ...
No. 84-468
105 S. Ct. 3249 (1985) | Cited 6270 times
... JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court. A Texas city denied a special use permit for the operation of a group home for the mentally retarded, acting pursuant to a municipal zoning ordinance requiring permits for such homes. The Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held that mental ...
Nos. 83-3939, 83-3978
745 F.2d 1221 (1984) | Cited 6265 times
... BEFORE: SNEED, ALARCON, and NORRIS, Circuit Judges. ALARCON, Circuit Judge: This appeal involves a district court's dismissal of 41 actions filed by Harry Franklin, a prisoner pro se. To dispose of Franklin's appeal we must decide whether the district court erred by dismissing Franklin's in forma ...
No. 75-1693
97 S. Ct. 1621 (1977) | Cited 6222 times
... MR. JUSTICE STEWART delivered the opinion of the Court. The respondent, Gary Darrell Allison, an inmate of a North Carolina penitentiary, petitioned a Federal District Court for a writ of habeas corpus. The court dismissed his petition without a hearing, and the Court of Appeals reversed, ruling ...
No. 74-6257
96 S. Ct. 2909 (1976) | Cited 6207 times
... Judgment of the Court, and opinion of MR. JUSTICE STEWART, MR. JUSTICE POWELL, and MR. JUSTICE STEVENS, announced by MR. JUSTICE STEWART. The issue in this case is whether the imposition of the sentence of death for the crime of murder under the law of Georgia violates the Eighth and Fourteenth ...
Case Summary: