Pelumi v. State

2010 | Cited 0 times | D. Rhode Island | July 21, 2010


Pending before the Court for a report and recommendation (28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B); LR Cv 72) is Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to Appeal In Forma Pauperis ("IFP"). (Document No. 33).

Because I find that the appeal is groundless and thus not taken in good faith, I recommend that the District Court DENY Plaintiff's Motion.

Plaintiff's right to appeal in forma pauperis is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1915 which provides that, "[a]n appeal may not be taken in forma pauperis if the trial court certifies in writing that it is not taken in good faith." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3). "Because the good faith standard is an objective one, an appeal is deemed not taken in good faith if the issues presented are frivolous. An appeal is considered frivolous when it is based on an 'indisputably meritless legal theory or factual allegations that are clearly baseless.'" Lyons v. Wall, No. 04-380, 2007 WL 2067661 at *1 (D.R.I. July 13, 2007) (internal citations omitted).

In the present case, Plaintiff is attempting to take an interlocutory appeal of an order granting the State of Rhode Island's Motion to Dismiss. (Document No. 28). Chief Judge Lisi's Order adopting this Court's Report and Recommendations is not a "final judgment" subject to appeal. A final judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b) is "one which ends the litigation on the merits and leaves nothing for the court to do but execute the judgment." Catlin v. United States, 324 U.S. 229, 233 (1945). Moreover, Plaintiff's attempted appeal does not qualify as an exception to the "final judgment rule" under either the collateral order doctrine or as an interlocutory appeal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b).

The collateral order doctrine permits interlocutory review of orders that are collateral to the rights underlying the action, and which have a "final and irreparable effect on the rights of the parties." Cohen v. Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 545 (1949). In this case, the Order Plaintiff seeks to appeal has no final or irreparable effect on the parties. For the same reasons, the Court will not certify the appeal under 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b). Plaintiff has not requested certification to appeal the interlocutory order and none is warranted. Section 1292(b), 28 United States Code, permits appeals from interlocutory orders when the order "involves a controlling question of law as to which there is a substantial ground for difference of opinion, and that an immediate appeal from the order may materially advance the ultimate termination of the litigation." 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b). An interlocutory appeal without § 1292 certification or the aid of the collateral order doctrine has no basis in law. Accordingly, this Court recommends that the District Court find that the appeal is not taken in good faith and DENY Plaintiff's Motion to Appeal IFP. (Document No. 33).

Any objection to this Report and Recommendation must be specific and must be filed with the Clerk of the Court within fourteen (14) days of its receipt. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b); LR Cv 72. Failure to file specific objections in a timely manner constitutes waiver of the right to review by the District Court and the right to appeal the District Court's decision. See United States v. Valencia-Copete, 792 F.2d 4, 6 (1st Cir. 1986); Park Motor Mart, Inc. v. Ford Motor Co., 616 F.2d 603, 605 (1st Cir. 1980).

LINCOLN D. ALMOND United States Magistrate Judge

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